TYPOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE ARTISTIC EMBODIMENT OF “A GIFTED PERSONALITY” PHENOMENON IN THE NOVEL “DAVID COPPERFIELD” BY CH. DICKENS AND THE SHORT STORY “KHUDOZHNYK” BY T. SHEVCHENKO
Keywords:comparative-typological analysis, typological similarities and differences, indirect influence.
The article is devoted to the comparative-typological analysis of the autobiographical works “David Copperfield” by Ch. Dickens and “Khudozhnyk” by Taras Shevchenko. Certainly we do not speak about direct influence of Charles Dickens’ work on Taras Shevchenko’s short story, but we can draw parallels and analogies found in the choice of subjects in both writers’ literary works that is why it can be an appropriate material for the typological comparison. Both works typologically demonstrate the presence of the concept of “a gifted personality” and linear biographical principle of composition though chronological framework of Ukrainian and English novels are different, their choice is dependent on the main idea. We can see that “Khudozhnyk” by Taras Shevchenko and “David Copperfield” by Charles Dickens through the prism of personal painful experience of the autobiographic character reveal the most actual political issues of contemporary Ukraine and England. Shevchenkos’ literary heritage has undergone the indirect influence by the works of Charles Dickens, but no doubt of the fact of existence of some typological similarities in the compared literary works caused by common socio-political, artistic and aesthetic factors of the global art prospective.
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