PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word <p>У випусках серії “Слово” публікуються наукові матеріали &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;за напрямками:</p> <p>- Мовознавство</p> <p>- Літературознавство</p> <p>- Фольклористика</p> <p>- Журналістика</p> <p>- Мистецтвознавство</p> Ivano-Frankivsk Departament of Shevchenko Scientific Society en-US PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2304-7402 SYLVESTR LEPKYI IN A SOCIAL-CULTURAL AURA OF THE NATION http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1261 <p><em>The article investigates the multifaceted figure of Sylvestr Lepkyi in the social-cultural aura of the XIX<sup>th</sup>– the beginning of the XX<sup>th</sup> century. It observes his role in the spiritual and national life of Ukrainians, analyses the whole range of his fictional and publicistic works.</em></p> В. А. Качкан В. А. Качкан Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 313 335 SIGNS AND SYMBOLS OF THE HUTSUL TEXT: CENTRALITY OF THE CARPATHIANS AND CORDISM OF HUTSULSHYNA IN THE UKRAINIAN LITERATURE OF THE XIXth – EARLY XXth CENTURY http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1262 <p><em>The article examines the attributes and symbolism of the Hutsul text on the example of Ukrainian classical literature texts of the XIX<sup>th</sup> – early XX<sup>th</sup> c.. The author introduces new notions of centrality of the Carpathians and cordism of Hutsulshchyna into a scientific circulation, substantiates their employment for denoting the phenomena characteristic of the Ukrainian fiction on the theme of the Carpathians.</em></p> М. М. Васильчук М. М. Васильчук Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 336 346 ABOUT CULTURE AND FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND THOUGHT OF THE UKRAINIAN PEOPLE http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1263 <p><em>The article is dedicated to complicated nature of the language, spiritual potentiality of the word, importance of the speech norm and difficult outcomes of the semi-literacy epidemic in Ukraine that reached the elite: statesmen, scientists, literators, pedagogues. On the numerous examples the author shows how elementary ignorance of the language turns into shallowness of a thought, disorder in a matter, misunderstanding, curiosities. The state of a low level of culture of the word and semi-speech poses danger of spiritual impoverishness, slave unwillingness and captivity supported by denationalized and assimilative speech guides and distorted models that are imposed on the society and, first of all, on the school.</em></p> В. Д. Радчук В. Д. Радчук Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 347 354 UKRAINIAN LITERARY THEORY PERCEPTION OF STANISLAV PSHYBYSHEVSKY’S MODERNIST IDEAS http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1264 <p><em>The article deals with the logic and dynamics of the reception S.&nbsp;Pshybyshewsky’s modernist ideas in Ukrainian literary criticism after 1909. It is noted that individualism, voluntarism, the concept of a strong personality, the doctrine of the innovations of the symbolist drama, the image-symbol are the main correlates of the innovations of the Polish writer, most demanded among the Ukrainian literators in the XXth century. The article uses the archive materials of Nathan Kachka, which have not been analyzed in the Ukrainian literary criticism till present days.</em></p> Т. О. Ткачук Т. О. Ткачук Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 355 364 МОЄ ЛИСТУВАННЯ З РОСТИСЛАВОМ МІЩУКОМ http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1265 <p>Спочатку коротка біографічна довідка: Міщук Ростислав Софронович (<em>(07.05.1945-25.04.1994)</em> – к.ф.н., старший науковий співробітник Інститут літератури імені Т. Шевченка АН УРСР (пізніше: АНУ, відтак: НАНУ), завідувач відділення української дожовтневої літератури з 1989 року після Михайла Яценка (з 1990-го року: відділення української літератури ХІХ ст.), заступник директора Інституту літератури ім. Шевченка АН України (з 1993?). Народився 7 травня 1945 року на Рівненщині. Трагічно загинув 25 квітня 1994 року в Києві (убитий на станції метро Святошино бандитами).</p> Є. М. Баран Є. М. Баран Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 365 373 THE LITERARY HISTORY OF THE FOLK WEREWOLF http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1266 <p><em>The article describes the interpretation features of the demonological image of the werewolf in the works of O. Somov and S. Aleksandrov. It is revealed that the archaic semantics of the character becom a universal construct in the ideological and aesthetic organization of the literary text. Folk stories about werewolves unfold in literary stories about unlimited possibilities and extraordinary abilities of the person. In the work of O. Somov, the werewolf appears in the form of a simpleton-fool, a wizard-werewolf, a robber-knight, but S. Aleksandrov’s hero passes the path from the sinner to the blessed. The writers are interested in the psychological state of a person in the wolf's skin.</em></p> Т. Я. Данилюк-Терещук Т. Я. Данилюк-Терещук Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 374 385 «THE MYTH OF GALICIA» BY LEOPOLD VON SACHER-MASOCH AS THE SITUATION OF ETHNO-CULTURAL BORDERLANDS http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1267 <p><em>The article deals with the phenomenon of Galicia in the prose of Zaher von Masoch. It is proved that the models of coexistence of ethnic cultures in the dimension of the multifaceted heterogeneity of Galicia are based on the principle of mythological universality, idyllism and general stereotyped pattern. Galicia's macrocosm serves as the tige of cultural diversity of the "small homelands" of the Habsburg world, which are depicted in the context of a non-conflict dialogue of cultures and religions.</em></p> А. М. Сав’юк А. М. Сав’юк Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 386 396 CHILD BRITISH FOLK BALLAD: TYPIFICATION OF AN IMAGE-CHARACTER http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1268 <p><em>The article examines into the problem of typifying a folk image-character in the British folk ballad on the material of the Scottish ballad «The traditional Gay Goshawk» (Child № 96, 7 versions), makes parallels with Ukrainian folklore, namely the historical ballad «Iz-za hory, hory, z temnenkoho lisu» («From beyond the Mountain, Mountain, from the Dark Forest», according to O.&nbsp;Dei’s classification </em><em>III−A-11), proves commonality of the oral-poetic traditions in employment of tropes to create generalized pictures-portraits of heroines.</em></p> О. В. Карбашевська О. В. Карбашевська Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 397 405 THE UKRAINIAN OF «POETIC CINEMA»: THE SCREEN TRANSFORMATION OF M. KOTSIUBYNSKYT’S NARRATIVE «SHADOWS OF FORGOTTEN ANCESTORS» http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1251 <p><em>The article investigates the problems of Ukrainian «poetic cinema» in connection with the screen adaptation of Mykhaylo&nbsp;Kotsiubyns’kyi’s narrative «Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors». It is proved that the film made on the basis of the work of the Ukrainian literature classic became a landmark in creating not the school but the system of the national «poetic cinemato-graphy», that elements of its poetics and aesthetics can be surveyed in other motion pictures, which have a perfect right to be referred to such a type of «poetic cinema» not only inside, but also outside Ukraine.</em></p> С. І. Хороб С. І. Хороб Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 228 239 THE URGENCY OF THE STUDY OF THE EDUCATIONAL DISCIPlINE COURSE «MANAGEMENT OF CULTURE AND ART» IN FACULTIES OF MUSIC OF UKRAINIAN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1252 <p><em>The article is dedicated to the urgency of the study of the student course «Management of culture and art» in Faculties of Music of Ukrainian higher educational establishments. The author analyses the experience of its status value in Ukraine and Russia and proposes her vision of the concept of the course. The table of contents of the educational discipline includes the following main components: theoretical background of the management and administrative process; management of particular events in the field of art; show business management; advertising and PR.&nbsp; </em></p> Г. В. Карась Г. В. Карась Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 240 248 POETICS OF DRAMATURGY OF IHOR KOSTETSKY http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1253 <p><em>The article has the analysis of peculiarities of Ihor Kostetsky’s dramaturgy. The author singles out and characterizes the system of creative means of the writer that give an opportunity to speak about the influence of existential searching of the author on the inner form of the work.</em></p> О. І. Семак О. І. Семак Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 249 257 MUSICAL ELEMENTS OF THE RHYTHMIC ORGANIZATION OF THE DRAMATIC ACTION IN PLAYS «THE SONG OF ISRAEL» BY V. VYNNYCHENKO AND «SVICHKA’S WEDDING» BY I. KOCHERHA http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1254 <p><em>The article researches the role of musical elements in the rhythmic organization of the dramatic action of such plays by Volodymyr Vynnychenko and Ivan Kocherha as, respectively, </em><em>«</em><em>The Song of Israel</em><em>» («</em><em>Kol-Nidre</em><em>»</em><em>) and </em><em>«</em><em>Svichka’s Wedding</em><em>»</em><em>. It proves that such syncretism of literary and musical images helped develop a dramatic show, unfold a conflict, an inner and outer structure of the Ukrainian authors’ dramas in general. Simultaneously, it focuses attention on national playwrights’ employment of modern poetics, marked by actual for that time (the 20-30<sup>s</sup> of the XX<sup>th</sup> c.) syncretism of arts.</em></p> Г. В. Олексюк Г. В. Олексюк Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 258 267 TYPES OF CHORAL INTERPRETATION: AN INTERRELATION OF LITERARY AND MUSICAL COMPONENTS http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1255 <p><em>The article raises the problem of choral interpretation of music works of different genres; pays attention to the interrelation of their poetic and sound polyphony, makes an attempt to define leading types of artistic treatment. On the rich material of choral singing, presented by works of Ukrainian and foreign authors, two kinds of choral art as dominant ones are singled out, two types of performing mastery are projected then.</em></p> А. М. Білогубка А. М. Білогубка Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 268 277 THE MONOLOGUE OF V. STEFANYK’S NOVELS: FIGURATIVE, STYLISTIC AND STRUCTURE ASPECTS http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1232 <p><em>In the article the lingual features of monologue are proved; the main principles of typology and different types of monologue are established as well.The monologue is the dominant form of V.&nbsp;Stefanyk’s novel discourse and important means of figurative expression. We can argue, that the monologue in its species (authomonologue, diamonologue, polymonologue) is characteristic component of V.&nbsp;Stefanyk’s writing style.</em></p> В. М. Барчук В. М. Барчук Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-19 2020-02-19 3(39) 11 19 PHRASEOLOGICAL «HIGHLIGHTS» OF THE SUBDIALECT OF THE TIUDIV OF KOSIV DISTRICT http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1233 <p><em>The article lexicographically studies the phraseological units, manifesting the subdialect of the village of Tiudiv of Kosiv District of Ivano-Frankivsk Region. Of the research there come out the peculiarities of the Hutsul dialect.</em></p> М. І. Голянич М. І. Голянич Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-19 2020-02-19 3(39) 20 31 ON THE CHECK BOARD OF DISPUTES (ON THE PROBLEM OF SWEAR WORDS WORLDWIDE) http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1234 <p><em>The article deals with the problem of swear words in different linguistic cultures, considering the process of their usage from the earliest times and up to nowadays. The article highlights main characteristic features of invectives in different countries of the world, and analyses them. The main invective strategies are outlined. </em></p> М. Р. Ткачівська М. Р. Ткачівська Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-19 2020-02-19 3(39) 32 55 DEVELOPMENT OF POLISH ORTHOGRAPHY http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1235 <p><em>The article deals with the problem of evolution and becoming of Polish orthography beginning from the X-th century. As the Polish language has adopted Latin alphabet, the main problem was its adaptation to the phonetic requirements, because the medieval version of Polish language had more sounds. Polish orthography has come the long and difficult path of development. </em></p> О. М. Лазарович О. М. Лазарович Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-19 2020-02-19 3(39) 56 63 POETIC WORDS AS SEMANTIC AND STYLISTIC DOMINANTS IN THE LANGUAGE PICTURE OF THE WORLD OF WRITERS OF PRECARPATHIA http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1236 <p><em>The article examined poeticwords as semantic and stylistic dominants, which are very important components of continuum of Precarpathian writers. It determined that these lexical units in the artistic language of Precarpathian authors acquire additional meaning, expanding its semantic potential, become image-symbols.</em></p> Р. М. Савчук (Ріжко) Р. М. Савчук (Ріжко) Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-19 2020-02-19 3(39) 64 74 ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ ТВОРЧОСТІ ВАСИЛЯ СТЕФАНИКА ВЧЕНИ-МИ ПРИКАРПАТСЬКОГО НАЦІОНАЛЬНОГО УНІВЕРСИТЕТУ ІМЕНІ ВАСИЛЯ СТЕФАНИКА: БІБЛІОГРАФІЧНИЙ ОГЛЯД http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1277 <p>Уже 46 років з гордістю носить ім’я видатного українського письменника Василя Стефаника Прикарпатський національний університет, котрий за цей час став одним із провідних центрів стефаникознавства в Україні. Учені вишу вивчають життєвий і творчий шлях Василя Стефаника, досліджують його художню, літературознавчу та епістолярну спадщину, організовують наукові конференції, захищають кандидатські дисертації, пишуть художні твори про визначного майстра слова.</p> М. В. Бігусяк М. В. Бігусяк Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 3(39) 479 486 НОВЕ ТЕКСТОЛОГІЧНЕ ПРОЧИТАННЯ ПОЕЗІЙ У ПРОЗІ ВАСИЛЯ СТЕФАНИКА http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1278 <p><em>Єрмак В. Творча історія поезій у прозі Василя Стефаника. –&nbsp;</em><em>Київ: Наукова думка. – 2016. – 149&nbsp;с.</em></p> С. Кіраль С. Кіраль Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 3(39) 487 492 ПОЕЗІЇ У ПРОЗІ ВАСИЛЯ СТЕФАНИКА У ВИМІРАХ ТЕКСТОЛОГІЇ http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1279 <p><em>Єрмак В. Творча історія поезій у прозі Василя Стефаника. –&nbsp;</em><em>Київ: Наукова думка, 2016. – 149&nbsp;с.</em></p> С. Луцак С. Луцак Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 3(39) 493 495 МОСТИ ПАМ’ЯТІ, АБО Ж ПРО ТИХ, КОМУ СУДИЛОСЯ ВИРИВАТИСЯ ІЗ ПАСТКИ http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1280 <p><em>Слоньовська О. Впольоване покоління… – Київ, 2017. – 789 с.</em></p> Н. Мафтин Н. Мафтин Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 3(39) 496 500 ЛІТЕРАТУРА УКРАЇНСЬКОЇ ДІАСПОРИ 20 – 50-Х РОКІВ З ПОГЛЯДУ МЕТОДОЛОГІЇ АРХЕТИПНОЇ КРИТИКИ http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1281 <p><em>Слоньовська О. В. Ефект амальгами (Міф України в літературі&nbsp;</em><em>української діаспори 20–50-х років ХХ ст.): монографія. –&nbsp;</em><em>Івано-Франківськ: Місто НВ, 2016. – 584 с.</em></p> І. Набитович І. Набитович Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 3(39) 501 503 ВОЛОДИМИР ДЕРЖАВИН: УКРАЇНСЬКЕ ПОВЕРНЕННЯ… http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1282 <p><em>Державин В. Літературознавство. Критика. Публіцистика. Вибрані статті, дослідження, критичні відгуки та публіцистичні виступи з &nbsp;&nbsp;історії української та зарубіжної літератури, письменства і журналістики української діаспори / Упоряд. Степан Хороб. – Івано-Франківськ: Місто НВ, 2017. – 336 с.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Є. Баран Є. Баран Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 3(39) 504 517 FEATURES OF THE PRINT MEDIA FUNCTIONING IN PRYKARPATTYA REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF STATE-BUILDING http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1258 <p><em>The article clarifies the peculiarities of coverage of the problem of state-building by the print media of the Prykarpattya region, and analyzes publications on state-building problems as one of the main thematic categories of the press of the oblast.</em></p> Г. І. Марчук Г. І. Марчук Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 294 302 THE INFLUENCE OF TELEVISION SERIALS ON FORMING NATIONAL VALUES OF YOUNG PEOPLE http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1257 <p><em>In the article the task of modern television is considered in the context of becoming of national costs of personality, the psychological aspects of process of national self-definition and place are found out in him modern televisional serials.</em></p> Н. Д. Димніч Н. Д. Димніч Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 287 293 ЯКІСНІ ГАЗЕТИ: СПІРАЛЬ ДЕГРАДАЦІЇ http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1256 <p><em>У статті досліджено особливості функціонування сучасних засобів інтернет-видання, що є після преси, радіо і телебачення важливим різновидом нинішньої журналістики.</em></p> Б. В. Потятиник Б. В. Потятиник Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 278 286 NEWSPAPER MEANS OF MASS INFORMATION AND THEIR ROLE IN FORMING A SOCIO-CIVIL POSITION OF INHABITANTS OF PRYKARPATTIA http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1259 <p><em>The article investigates the history of establishment and development of newspaper periodicals of the Precarpathian land, their influence on the formation of a socio-civil position, on the upbringing of a national, patriotical and spiritual Christian attitude of the inhabitants of the region. The utilized archived materials, as well as numerous newspaper publications convincingly prove importance of </em><em>«</em><em>paper</em><em>»</em><em> mass media for the Precarpathians – both in the past and present. It also concentrates attention on information politics of former and contemporary newspapers that came out in different times in Prykarpattia.</em></p> С. С. Хороб С. С. Хороб Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 303 309 SOCIAL LANDMARKS IN YURII ANDRUKHOVYCH’S PUBLICISTIC ESSAYS http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1260 <p><em>The article analyses the ideological tendency, socially important landmarks of Yurii&nbsp;Andrukhovych’s open journalism, the writer’s views on new literature and journalism, blog articles. It defines that the grounds for the author’s social-politicalideal are European values, a transparent, free and just civil society.</em></p> І. М. Ващук І. М. Ващук Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 310 312 RHYTHMICAL PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZING MARKO CHEREMSHYNA’S FICTIONAL TEXT http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1237 <p><em>The article examines the rhythm as an organizing principle of Marko Cheremshyna’s fictional speech. It particularly traces various rhythmical elements (of lamentations, carols, kolomyiky, the subdialectal poem, as well as rhythmical principles of the prose discourse) and their role in structuring the text. However, the major system creating factor of the writer’s rhythmic polyphony was dance providing a logical-semantical basis for the primeval ritual.</em></p> Р. В. Піхманець Р. В. Піхманець Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 75 93 THE RESEARCH FOUNDATIONS OF VOLODYMYR DERZHAVYN’S SCIENTIFIC THINKING http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1238 <p><em>The article makes an attempt to reveal the research foundations of scientific thinking of the famous scholar from the Ukrainian Diaspora Volodymyr Derzhavyn. On the example of his many works of a theoretical-methodological and historical-literary direction, numerous studies into Ukrainian and foreign belles-lettres that the Ukrainian literary critic wrote in the post-war years, the dominant concepts of his research toolkit are defined.</em></p> С. І. Хороб С. І. Хороб Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 94 106 NARRATIVE PECULIARITIES OF EPISTOLARY DIALOGUE «OLHA KOBYLIANSKA – LESIA UKRAINKA»: FROM THE BIOGRAPHICAL AUTHOR TO THE NARRATOR http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1239 <p><em>The article deals with narrative peculiarities of the intimate letter in the context of modernist aesthetics. The aim of the articleis to research the narrative models of the intimate letters of Olha Kobylianska and Lesia Ukrainka and to trace the origin of intimate metalanguage of these letters, decoding key symbols.</em></p> <p><em>The article examines the narrative peculiarities of indirect epistolary dialogue of the best representatives of Ukrainian modern literature. The problem of distinction of the biographical author, the author in the texts of a letter and the narrator of the epistolary text is analyzed. It is discovered that the epistolary dialogue of Lesia Ukrainka with Olha Kobylianska has become a new verbal space of releasing woman’s energy sublimated into special woman’s narration that is new for the Ukrainian literature, a space for deep self-analysis of the epistolary communicators, articulation and transmission of their own biographical experience. Epistolary metalanguage, created by the writers, is examined in the context of narration as well as psychoanalysis as the indicator of a peculiar soul intimacy of the communicators in order to pressurize, even sacralize a texthrough taboo on names.</em></p> А. В. Ільків А. В. Ільків Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 107 113 THE MOTIF OF MYSTERY IN THE DETECTIVE STORY TRUCTURE IN ANATOL KURDYDYK’S «THREE KINGS AND A LADY» http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1240 <p><em>The article analyses the peculiarity of the implementation of the intertextual motif of mystery in the detective story structure. It has been proved that the plot saturation by the inner textual motifs which are paralleled and opposed to the mystery motif and promote the usage of a small form strategy in the story contexture.</em></p> <p><em>Changing of central motif modifications into the motifs of a gambling game, love and faithlessness, a woman-angel and a horsewoman moves the plot, stimulates the dynamics and the tensity of the development of the events.</em></p> Н. В. Мафтин Н. В. Мафтин Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 114 122 HEINRICH HEINE AND UKRAINE: AN ATTEMPT AT AN OVERVIEW http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1241 <p><em>The peculiarities of German poet Heinrich Heine’s lyrics and their translations into the Ukrainian language are investigated.</em></p> Л. І. Рудницький Л. І. Рудницький Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 123 134 UKRAINIAN NATION ON THE PAGES OF UKRAINIAN DIASPORA’S FICTION OF THE 20-50S OF THE XXth CENTURY http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1242 <p><em>The article deals with the mythological notion of mythema, mythologema, frame, pattern, concept, archetype. Image of nation-virgo. Colonized nation as harlot and slave in Yevhen Malaniuk’s prose. Nation as a colonizer and a colonized nation in the novel «Defeat» by Ivan Bahrianyi. Political nation as the final phase of the mature and self-sufficient nation. National idea in the structure of the vitalistic national myth.</em></p> О. В. Слоньовська О. В. Слоньовська Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 135 146 THE WORLD OF THE THING IN BOHDAN TOMENCHUK’S POETRY (ON THE BASE OF BOOK ‘THE CITY OF HEROES AND WITNESS) http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1243 <p><em>The article deals with status of thing in Bohdan Tomenchuk’s poetry on the base of aspects: lyric hero – thing, artistic time – thing, artistic space – thing. Frequency of using some names of things is determined. It also analyzed the role of thing in text interpretation. (Non)thing world has got two levels: the world without things and the world with things. The hero exists in both of them. </em></p> О. С. Деркачова О. С. Деркачова Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 147 158 EMBLEMATIC «MECHANISMS» AND THE THEORY OF SIGMUND FREUD http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1244 <p><em>The comparison between the emblematic «mechanisms» of signification and Freudian psychoanalytical theory has been studied in the paper. The Austrian psychiatrist discovered some patterns in mythological plots underlying the formation of his scientific terminology, methodology and classification of psycho-emotional behavioral types. Handling with the images of Eros and Thanatos, exploiting the mythological stories about Oedipus and Electra, Prometheus, Narcissus and lots of others to concretize behavioral complexes are indicative of the presence of «emblematic methodology» in developing psychoanalytical concepts and categories. His treatment of noted mythological plots comes to emblematic reduction. </em></p> О. М. Солецький О. М. Солецький Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 159 170 PAINBRUSH AND STYLUS OF VASYL MASIUTYN http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1245 <p><em>The article is devoted to the investigation of the literary works of the Ukrainian artist Vasyl Masiutyn (1884-1955). The plot and compositional, genre and idea aspects of the stories «Two from one» (1936) and “Princess Nefreta” (1938) have been examined in the paper. The author pays attention to the literary and fine arts interrelation in the artist’s biography. The analysis of Vasyl Masiutyn’s prose helps to expose the development peculiarities of the national culture. The study presented is the part of the research of the universalistic artists’ creative work in the period between the world wars in the Ukrainian literature.</em></p> Н. Д. Мочернюк Н. Д. Мочернюк Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 171 179 LESYA UKRAINKA AND VASYL STEPHANYK: TO THE HISTORY OF RELATIONSHIPS http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1246 <p><em>This article deals with the historical and literary plot of Lesya Ukrainka’s and Vasyl Stephanyk’s relationship, foundation due to their relations biography and (partly) creativity. The perception of reality, first for the master’s dark fields</em><em> peculiarities of to the reactions world, particularly in contacts with people. Most substantially it influenced the perception of psychologicallynear persons where mutual understanding, not speaking about fellowship or friendship was complicated by the nery that that under different conditions. Had to facilitate rapprochement. It is about strikingly consonant spiritually and. To a certain extent, even eventful life circumstances and their retranslation / sublimation in creative work. Obviously, closer relations would give much each of the writers, but the power of repulsion of both identically charged worlds appeared more powerful than force of attraction.</em></p> С. М. Романов С. М. Романов Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 180 187 THE CONCEPTS OF MASCULINITY IN ADVENTUROUS PROSE FOR YOUNG READERS http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1247 <p><em>The article throws the light upon basic concepts of masculine discourse in contemporary prose for young readers. It observes that for boys’ text characteristic features are central images of strong, brave, smart boys men and young who perform heroic or adventurous deeds pass through a peculiar initiation, become national heroes; quest of the main hero and the chronotope become a mover of the plot. And construct composition of the text. The author offers a detail analysis of adventurous works by Oleksandr Havrosh and Maria Morozenko and notices that the writers count on traditional concepts of male self-affirmation and represent a normative stereotyped masculine image.</em></p> Т. Б. Качак Т. Б. Качак Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 188 200 COMING OUT OF THE GHOSTLY GAY CHILDREN IN TRUMAN CAPOTE’S «OTHER VOICES, OTHER ROOMS» AND HARPER LEE’S «TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD» http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1248 <p><em>The author of the proposed article traces and analyzes literary representation of queer children (using Kathryn Bond Stockton’s terminology) in two American novels: Truman Capote’s Other Voices, Other Rooms (1948) and Harper Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird (1960). He claims that queer children have long been a part of American literature. Capote’s Joel Knox and Idabel Thompkins just like Lee’s Dill Harris and Scout Finch appear as “protogay” and different to other “normative” children in the novels, such as Idabel’s sister and Scout’s brother, who represent how a “real” Southern girl and boy should dress and behave like. The authors show that re-reading and re-interpreting To Kill a Mockingbird and Other Voices, Other Rooms helps queer theory to allow the “closeted” queer children to finally come out of their closets.</em></p> Mateusz Świetlicki Mateusz Świetlicki Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 201 210 KEY STAGES OF FORMING INDIVIDUAL STYLE MELETIY KICHURA’S http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1249 <p><em>The article attempts to characterize the key stages of the formation of the individual style of Meletiy Kichura. Dynamic self-organization of the individual style of the author from imitation to his own creative manner is analyzed. It is proved that satirical attitude is the dominant author's stylistic quest.</em></p> Л. С. Касіян Л. С. Касіян Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 211 220 THE DISCOURS OF CORPOREALITY IN THE IMAGE OF A UKRAINIAN WOMAN (ON THE MATERIAL OF V. LYS’S NOVEL «SOLO FOR SOLOMIA» http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1250 <p><em>The paper is devoted to the research of the discourse of physicality in the perception if the world by a traditional-patriarchal herane comprehension of behavioural patterns of a demonic woman through the prism of mythological proto-foundations; analysis of the concept of the human being unfolded through the images of Mother, Daughter, Granddaughter.</em></p> С. Е. Ушневич С. Е. Ушневич Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 3(39) 221 227 PRINCIPLES OF VOLODYMYR DERZHAVYN’S LITERARY SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1269 <p><em>The article give us an idea about the literary scientific methodology of diasporan researcher of literature Volodymyr Derzhavyn. The article reveals the basic principles of analysis of art compositions, methodological foundations of literary criticism, influence of formal and structural approaches on the scholar’s researches.</em></p> Н. Б. Басенко Н. Б. Басенко Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 406 415 THE ROAD CHRONOTOPE IN MODERN UKRAINIAN LITERARY FAIRYTALES http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1270 <p><em>The article deals with the chronotope of road in fairytales. The researches by Ukrainian and foreign scientists are analyzed. The models of chronotope of the road according to the specific features of literary fairytales are defined. The presence of the chronotope of the road in modern Ukrainian literary fairytales is analyzed too.</em></p> О. В. Дибовська О. В. Дибовська Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 416 422 AESTHETIC VALUE OF M. VINGRANOVSKI’S RHYME http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1271 <p><em>The article deals with the aesthetic value of rhyme in M. Vingra-novski’s poetry. General tendencies of poet’s rhyming on different stages of his creative evolution are observed. Interacting with other euphonic and literary devices, rhymes create an original and unique artistic world.</em></p> С.Є. Ковтун С.Є. Ковтун Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 423 431 SEMANTICS OF DEATH IN G. PAHUTYAK’S COLLECTION OF ESSAYS «URIZH AND ITS SPIRITS» http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1272 <p><em>In the article semantics and features of the concept of death in&nbsp; H. Pahutyak’s collection of essays «Urizh and Its Spirits» are analyzed.</em> <em>The author uses a cognitive-anthropological methodology to focus on mythological</em> <em>background</em> <em>of the indicated concept, the character’s psychological reception and the construction of the semantic field of meaning.</em></p> С. А. Сіренко С. А. Сіренко Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 3(39) 432 437 THE ONEIRISTIC AND HALLUCINATORY-PARANOID DIFFUSION IN «SATTELITES» BY ANDRIY ZHURAKIVSKYY http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1273 <p><em>The article considers the work "Satelites" by Andriy Zhurakivskyy as an object for sociocultural and phsychoanalitical analysis. It finds the main types of uncondiciousness, forms. The oneiric structure and reveals certain fragments in ideological and mass cultural discourse.</em></p> Б. А. Стрільчик Б. А. Стрільчик Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 3(39) 438 443 MEANS OF DRAMATIZATION AND SCENIC VIZUALIZATION IN VASIL STEFANYK’S NOVELLAS: DIALOGUE AND MONOLOGUE http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1274 <p><em>The article is dedicated to the research of the role of monologue, dialogue and polilogue as means of dramatization and scenic visualization in Vasyl Stefanyk's novellas. Stefanyk's mastery and originality of individual author’s style of the writer in terms of using different forms of verbal communications is being investigated, different narrative strategies, different techniques and means of artistic depiction. The dialectic unity of tradition and innovation in Vasyl Stefanyk's novellas regarding the genealogical, poetic and stylistic aspects are being analyzed.</em></p> Н. С. Голод Н. С. Голод Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 3(39) 444 457 THE FIRE ARCHETYPE IN DARIA MELNYKOVYCH-RYHYTSKA’S LYRICS http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1275 <p><em>The article deals with the problem of interpretation of the fire archetype in Daria Ryhtytska’s lyrics. The specifics of the writer’s artistic thinkings, based on the dialectical embodiment of this archetype.</em></p> О. О. Машталер О. О. Машталер Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 3(39) 458 465 UKRAINECENTRIC OF SCIENTIFIC WORK OF NATALIА KUZIAKINA http://pvntsh.nung.edu.ua/index.php/word/article/view/1276 <p><em>The article on a historically biographic background was scientific inheritance analyzed of the prominent Ukrainian and Russian literary critic and specialist&nbsp; in drama study ХХ of professor Natalia Kuziakina, was underlined expressive ukrainecentric of her research, special concentration on dramaturgy of period of the Shot up Revival. The scientist, without regard to ideological pressure on her, did an invaluable contribution to development of cognition of the Solovki pages of the Ukrainian culture subjected to repression.</em></p> Г. В. Ковальчук Г. В. Ковальчук Copyright (c) 2020 PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 3(39) 466 478