PECULIARITIES OF MYTHOLOGICAL CRITICS AS A LITERARY METHOD OF ANALYSIS OF LITERARY WORKS OF UKRAINIAN DIASPORA WRITERS

  • O. V. Sloniovska Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
Keywords: Ukrainian diaspora literature, the methodology of mythologism, mythema, mythologema, archetype, mythological paradigm, mythological concept, mythological conflict, mythological motive, mythological hologram / phantom, frame, pattern, reframing, concept, domain.

Abstract

The article deals with the issues of scientific use of the tools of mythological criticism in all its current interpretations by scientific schools and currents. The main problematic task of the article appeared to be the reasoned proof of the productivity of analysis by the tools of archetypal criticism of the Ukrainian diaspora writers’ works in the 20-50’s years of the twentieth century. As key tasks we consider the following: to analyze the mythological thinking of the Ukrainian diaspora leading writers in the 20-50’s years in a proper way; to prove the effectiveness of the powerful consolidating literary myth of Ukraine created by the artists; to draw appropriate conclusions on the basis of artistic texts.

The scientific research is based on the significant foundations of scientific achievements of foreign and Ukrainian philosophers, psychologists, ethnographers, anthropologists, folklorists, literary critics and it is defined with the innovative approach to the artistic texts by I. Bagrianyi, V. Barka,           V. Samchuk, T. Os’machka, E. Malaniuk, O. Ol’zhych.

The current instruments of archetypal criticism are implemented distinctly, they are systematized and supplemented with the notions of afflatus, insights, categories of mythological concepts, frames, patterns, components of reframing, national domains, mythological phantoms (holograms).

It has been proven that the Ukrainian diaspora’s literature of the 20 – 50-s of the twentieth century has worked out the mythological paradigm of the superiority of the occupied people over an invader, it has created the code-program of Ukraine for the future on its own ancestral land in the centre of Europe, and not Ukraine in the exile, as Ukrainian immigrant politicians propagandized.

The Ukrainian immigrants appear as participants of author’s and life survival experiments in the twentieth century on diaspora prose pages. By interpreting mainland Ukraine as a sacred space, the writers of Ukrainian diaspora artistically tested the concept of a strong spirited and very conscious national heroes, in such a way they intensified the potential readiness of the real people to implement their own state-building efforts.

The literary myth of Ukraine that was realized by the creative efforts of the diaspora writers, possessed important features of the vitaistic and consolidating metaphysical phenomenon. Therefore it has a powerful influence on Ukrainians even in our time.

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Published
2019-04-12
How to Cite
Sloniovska, O. V. (2019). PECULIARITIES OF MYTHOLOGICAL CRITICS AS A LITERARY METHOD OF ANALYSIS OF LITERARY WORKS OF UKRAINIAN DIASPORA WRITERS. PRECARPATHIAN BULLETIN OF THE SHEVCHENKO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Word, (3(55), 275-282. https://doi.org/10.31471/2304-7402-2019-3(55)-275-282